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|MEET THE MANDARIN
|There's no reason why mandarin
oranges - irresistibly sweet, fragrant and flavorful fruits that dominate citrus production in much of Asia and the Mediterranean basin - should account for only 2% of
California's citrus acreage. Mandarins are suddenly a hot topic for California growers. It is a new world of experimentation and risk for farmers and diversity for citrus
Mandarins are generally smaller and flatter than oranges with looser rinds and segments and a distinctive spicy aroma. Indigenous to China and northeastern
India, they are one of three original species of citrus, along with pummelos and citrons. All other citrus fruits arose from these three as hybrids and mutations, including
oranges which are crosses between mandarins and pummelos.
Mandarins grow wild in China and have been cultivated there for thousands of years but came to California around 1870. Some of the first varieties, notably
the Dancy, supposedly came from Tangier in Morrocco, so they were nicknamed tangerines.
With the sudden popularity in growers developing new varieties of mandarins for commercial use, you can bet that E. Waldo Ward & Son will introduce a new
marmalade using a variety you have never heard of before. Try something different.
Our marmalades are all made directly from fresh fruit, not preprocessed peel like
the big guys. Our tangerine marmalade is wonderful with your morning toast or in your favorite recipes. Made from the Dancy variety.
Our price is $5.90
Made from fresh tangelos of the Minneola variety (a cross between tangerines and grapefruit). This marmalade is a bit astringent and has a rich
Our price is $5.90
Some Varieties to taste of mandarin citrus fruit.
Clementine - a group name embracing many varieties. May have originated in North Africa in late 19th century. Medium sized fruit with smooth,
deep orange to red-orange rind. Peels easily and the flavor is mild to rich depending on ripeness and variety. Algerian variety is most common in California.
Dancy - an old Florida variety, originating from a seedling planted in 1867. Rind is dark orange-red, smooth and peels easily. Has a spicy,
rich flavor. This is the classic Christmas "tangerine", now mostly replaced by Sunburst. Our Tangerine Marmalade is made from our own Dancy tangerines.
Encore - developed in Riverside in 1965. Fairly large, with yellow-orange rind, often marked with dark spots; flesh is deep orange, juicy,
sweet, rich and sprightly. Despite superb flavor, its mottled rind has foreclosed commercial acceptance.
Fairchild - developed in Indio in 1964. Rind is deep orange, smooth, and often hard to peel. Grown in Coachella; 35% of California mandarin
production; now meeting stiff competition from Fallglo and imported Clementines.
Fallglo - developed in Florida in 1987. Large, seedy fruit is a poster child for mediocre commercial fruit; often harvested internally
Gold Nugget - developed in Riverside in 1999. Rind and flesh are golden orange and fruit has a rich flavor. Seedless and harvested mid to late
season, holds well on tree.
Honey - name can refer to three varieties, often confused: 1) Murcott, commercially important in Florida; 2) California Honey, described 1943
but never officially released; 3) Kinnow (marketed as Honey by Sunkist), has a good flavor but peels poorly.
Satsuma - group name for class of mandarins; origin traced to early 15th century Japan, probably as a seedling of a Chinese mandarin; much
cultivated and appreciated in Japan; reached California late 1870s. Rind is orange, often bumpy, easy to peel. Flesh is orange and moderately sweet; virtually seedless. Most
cold-tolerant of commercial citrus.
Sunburst - developed in Orlando Florida in 1979. Rind is thin and dark orange. Segment walls are tough and flavor lacks richness, often seedy.
Looks better than it tastes.
And many more..
Information courtesy of the Los Angeles Times, Jan. 10, 2001.